Hướng dẫn Drush-Fu với aliases sẽ work across all environments năm 2015

Drush aliases

Have you noticed how your remote drush aliases (e.g., @my-dev-server) don't work when you're logged into the remote server? It's because aliases with the "remote-host" key specified can't work locally. Quite annoying!

In order to execute your (scripted) drush actions, you've first gotta change into the appropriate sites directory. What a hassle! Let's make life easier. Below (and in this gist) you'll find a solution that works in most hosting environments. It detects the local server name/ip, and strips the "remote-host" entry from entries that match. Skip to the bottom of the code snippet to see the real magic.

 * @file
 * Example drush alias file for multihost use.

// Alias settings common to all.
$aliases['base'] = array(
  'root'         => '/var/www/docroot',
  'remote-user'  => 'georgepburdell',
  'path-aliases' => array(
    '%files' => 'sites/default/files',
    '%dump'  => '/tmp/dump.sql',

// We explicitly include the "remote-host" key for each
// alias below. This means that the aliases won't work
// when logged in to the same box. E.g. @dev fails
// while logged into the dev server. So, at the end, we
// determine the current server and remove
// "remote-host" from all local aliases.
// Dev site.
$aliases['dev'] = array(
  'parent'      => '@example.base',
  'remote-host' => 'dev.example.com',
  'uri'         => 'dev.example.com',

// Alias entry for a "home directory" site hosted on
// the dev server. Note the parent is @dev and not
// @base.
$aliases['georgepburdell'] = array(
  'parent' => '@example.dev',
  'root'   => '/home/georgepburdell/public_html',
  'uri'    => 'georgepburdell.dev.example.com',

// Staging site.
$aliases['stage'] = array(
  'parent'      => '@example.base',
  'remote-host' => 'stage.example.com',
  'uri'         => 'stage.example.com',

// Production site.
$aliases['prod'] = array(
  'parent'      => '@example.base',
  'remote-host' => 'www.example.com',
  'uri'         => 'www.example.com',

// Remove "remote-host" from entries that correspond
// with the current server. This allows us to use the
// same alias file in all environments.
$ip = gethostbyname(php_uname('n'));
foreach ($aliases as &$alias) {
  if (empty($alias['remote-host'])) {
  if (gethostbyname($alias['remote-host']) === $ip) {

Ví dụ gọi drush

In this example, calling "drush sa @example.dev" from the dev server shows the alias record without a "remote-host" key. Voila!

$aliases["example.dev"] = array (
  '#name' => 'example.dev',
  'remote-user' => 'georgepburdell',
  'path-aliases' =>
  array (
    '%files' => 'sites/default/files',
    '%dump' => '/tmp/dump.sql',
  'root' => '/var/www/html',
  'uri' => 'http://dev.example.com',